Talking about Colombia is talking about diversity. Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world, just after Brazil
You can find 10% of all the biodiversity in the planet in the Colombian territory with just 0.7% of the total surface of the world. This great biodiversity is due to its geographical location: tropical zone, two oceans (Atlantic and Pacific), three huge chains of mountains that belong to the Andes and the amazon jungle. Thus, it also has a great quantity of ecosystems and habitats, such as páramos, glaciers, the Amazon, forests, savannas, mangroves, coral reefs, rivers, coasts and a lot more that bring great richness to the wildlife of the planet. (See: https://www.sibcolombia.net/biodiversidad-en-cifras/).
After mankind first arrived in this huge territory, they started leaving traces that can still be seen today. Tribes and organizations were formed which ended in the formation of incredible societies. The Muiscas for example, a civilization that was located in today’s Bogotá Savanna was one of the greatest civilizations in the Americas along with the Incas, Mayans and Aztecs.
By the end of the sixteenth century, the Spaniards had explored and conquered most of the territories and installed institutions to rule from Spain. This colonial period ended at the beginning of the nineteenth century with the war of independence, which happened in most of America.
The country is divided in six big natural regions that are each different: Caribbean region, Amazon region, Andean region, Island region, Plain region and Pacific region. Each of them has their own geographical, climatic and even cultural characteristics.