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About Colombia 2019-08-15T21:41:45+00:00



To talk about Colombia is to talk about diversity. Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world, after Brazil.

In Colombia you will find 10% of the planet´s total biodiversity contained in 0.7% of the world´s continental surface area. This incredible biodiversity in Colombia comes from the wide variety natural regions in Colombia, including tropical zones, two different oceans (Atlantic and Pacific) and three cordilleras running through the Andes and the Amazons. Within these regions you will find a wide variety of ecosystems and natural habitats, including paramos, glaciers, rainforests, forests, savannas, mangroves, coral reefs, rivers, coasts and much more. (See:  https://www.sibcolombia.net/biodiversidad-en-cifras/).


Upon arriving in the territory that today is known as Colombia, the first settlers laid roots that are still visible today. They formed tribes and organizations that resulted in incredible societies, with the most notable being that of the Musicas. The Musicas occupied the territory known today as Savannas of Bogota, and they are considered one of the four great civilizations in the Americas, together with the Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs.

The Spanish arrived in the 16th century and conquered the majority of this territory. The Spaniards established their own systems and institutors to govern based on directives from Spain. Spanish Colonization ended at the beginning of the 19th century with the Wars of Independence that freed the majority of Ibo-American territories.


The country is divided into six natural regions: The Caribbean Region , the Amazon Region, the Andean Region, the Insular Region, the Orinoquía Region,  and the Pacific Region. Each region has its own characteristics, climates and cultural customs.